Dewey’s Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)As it happened, Charles Sanders Peirce was a faculty member at Johns Hopkins during this period and Dewey was stronglyinfluenced by several courses of study with Peirce. Peirce was the brilliant son of the famous Harvard mathematicianBenjamin Peirce and he had written a series of influential articles on the philosophy of science and epistemology. Anotherfamous Harvard faculty member had already been substantially influenced by Peirce; this was William James. From the 60sthrough the late 80s, James had made his way from physiology to psychology to philosophy, writing one of the most famous19th Century books on psychology along the way. Together, Peirce and James constituted the core of the school ofAmerican Pragmatism. Other influences at Hopkins were G. During the first decade after his Ph.
Dewey’s Political Philosophy
Welcomed by a relative indifference on the part of French philosophers, the book only received attention from a few intellectuals, working in the field of educational sciences. But this has not always been the case. Based on a comprehensive review of French literature concerning Dewey, it underlines two mains moments proposing divergent interpretations and uses of his ideas, with the decade following its original publication; and, its translation into French. The relevance and the topicality of such a historical work appears to be all the more important as the beginning of the 21st century is marked by a rediscovery of Deweyan thought by the French audience, with the noticeable reprinting of Democracy and Education. In so doing, we shall thus point out the moving and transactional character of a book still to be read, pragmatically.
Scan of John Dewey's Freedom and Culture (, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons).
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Freedom and Culture is a book by John Dewey. Published in , the book is an analytical defense of democracy written in a time when democratic regimes had recently been replaced by non-democratic ones, and at a time when Marxism was considered a powerful political force. According to Dewey, human nature is the result of many forces, many of which are culturally determined. Attempts have been made to explain human behavior as being primarily motivated by love of freedom, or by pursuit of self-interest, or by the pursuit of power, or being primarily determined by economic conditions. All of these are products of their times and their inevitable falsification results in a backlash, de-emphasizing the formerly over-emphasized factor.
Combined with other published and unpublished sources of the same period, analysis of the original manuscript provides new and compelling evidence that between and Dewey was actively involved in the project of developing a social philosophy that however never saw the light. In the fourth section I will draw some lessons from the comparison of the two texts, and in the fifth section I will propose some general conclusions on the philosophical implications of this text for the development of a pragmatist social philosophy. Moreover, he appeared to have ambivalent views about having a social philosophy. It occurs some 65 times within the totality of his Works, and seldom as an object of distinct concern. In Dewey , certainly the most important political text of the period, there is no trace of a social approach, and democracy is meant to refer to a political regime and to a moral ideal. A few exceptions can be found in the Lectures in Ethics and Politics delivered from to A few examples show this point:.