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Scottish Monarchs Family Tree (Kenneth MacAlpin to James VI)
The Kings and Queens of Scotland
With so many books available about Mary Queen of Scots, how can you decide which to read? With a foreword by Anna Groundwater, the book aims to show Mary not as the romantic heroine of public imagination, but as a woman whose downfall was brought about by her failure to deal with the problems and challenges that faced her as a renaissance monarch. Originally published in , the book explores the relationship between Mary and her cousin Elizabeth I of England; two queens in one isle who were destined never to meet. Many of these records are transcribed and explained, with the help of extended captions. The realities of being a female monarch in the 16 th century are at the heart of this biography by Retha Warnicke, an expert in Tudor queenship.
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Scotland , now part of the United Kingdom , was ruled for hundreds of years by various monarchs. The table provides a chronological list of kings and queens of Scotland. Kings and Queens of Scotland.
The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland. The distinction between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of the Picts is rather the product of later medieval myth and confusion from a change in nomenclature i. The Kingdom of the Picts just became known as Kingdom of Alba in Gaelic, which later became known in Scots and English as Scotland ; the terms are retained in both languages to this day. By the late 11th century at the very latest, Scottish kings were using the term rex Scottorum , or King of Scots, to refer to themselves in Latin. Thus Queen Anne became the last monarch of the ancient kingdoms of Scotland and England and the first of Great Britain, although the kingdoms had shared a monarch since see Union of the Crowns. He had a second coronation in England ten years later.
This section of our history covers the lives and reigns of all the monarchs of Scotland from the first Scottish King, Kenneth MacAlpin, who emerged from the mists of the Dark ages as the first King of Scotland in , to the death of that ill fated seductress, Mary, Queen of Scots, who was beheaded in an English prison on the orders of Elizabeth I. Our section on this dynasty includes the reign of Kenneth I himself and covers the bitter blood feud fought out between the two opposing lines of his successors for possession of the throne. The following chapter, on the short lived House of Moray, includes an account of the reign of Macbeth, of Shakespearian fame, who usurped the throne of Scotland and reveals that the actual history of Macbeth and Duncan was very different to how Shakespeare has presented it to his audiences down the ages. At the dawn of the Middle Ages, the House of Dunkeld seized the Scottish throne replacing the line of Gaelic Kings which had ruled since the ninth century. The House of Dunkeld could also claim a saint in it's midst, in the person of Margaret, the wife of Malcolm Canmore, who was also one of the last representatives of the Anglo-Saxon House of Wessex. Edward I of England's overbearing attempts to rule Scotland resulted in the Scottish Wars of Independence, which saw the meteoric rise of one of Scotland's most famous sons, the patriot William Wallace, who raised his countrymen to fight for the cause of freedom and was destined to suffer an agonizing death at the hands of his English enemies.